Thanks for that, specs are updated now.
I agree its likely a hardware problem of some type, however all of the hardware must function within some bounds as it is able to install correctly, indicating that the hard drives must be working. During the installation the display changes automatically to the ideal 1920x1200, indicating the graphics can function to some extent. The RAM is likely ok, as the fatal error occurs at the same point each time. The CPU is likely fine for the same reason as the ram.
edit: ubuntu installs fine on the system, after again formatting the hdd.
This is my thinking, feel free to object.
Thanks for the continued help!