I see you have an existing turntable... Sorry I missed that the first time around.
What I would suggest investing in is a brand new quality stylus for your turntable.
How does your current needle mount to your turntable? Do you mount it to a head shell? Does your head shell screw into the tone arm, or is it just one piece? I'd be able to give you some recommendations on needles for your budget.
In case you have no idea what I'm talking about.. I'm posting an image of a head shell.