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Windows 7: A fast way to backup a data partition


04 Dec 2013   #1
whs
Microsoft MVP

Vista, Windows7, Mint Mate, Zorin, Windows 8
 
 
A fast way to backup a data partition

If you are in a hurry and don't want to use any particular backup program to save your data, use Command Prompt. The command example is:

WBADMIN START BACKUP -backupTarget:F: -include:M:

Where M is the data partition you want to backup and F is the volume where you put the backup.

This is very fast backup method and the result is a Windows image containing a VHD of your data partition. That VHD can be attached via Disk Management > Action button and you can retrieve your data from the virtual volume in Computer.

You can do the same with any partition including the OS partition. Problem is that I have not yet found a method to restore a partition with this image. But attaching the VHD makes it suitable for data partitions.


My System SpecsSystem Spec
.

04 Dec 2013   #2

Microsoft Community Contributor Award Recipient

Win 7 Home Premium 64bit Ver 6.1.7600 Build 7601 - SP1
 
 

Have you seen the Tech-Net resources? Wbadmin

Would this work?
wbadmin start recovery -version: (Enter version Date here) -itemType:Volume -items:F:

I'm not sure you would need to include M because it would already be included in the Volume; Right??
Wbadmin start recovery


Also: Wbadmin start systemstaterecovery Shows:
wbadmin start systemstaterecovery -version: (Enter version Date here)

Watch your spacing I included an extra space at -versionEnter version Date here) to stop the 7F server from creating the smiley.


This is what I got when I entered wbAdmin start recovery ? into an elevated CMD prompt, I believe the syntax error was caused by the "?" I added and it isn't needed.

Code:
C:\Windows\system32>wbAdmin start recovery ?
wbadmin 1.0 - Backup command-line tool
(C) Copyright 2004 Microsoft Corp.

ERROR - Command syntax incorrect. Error: ?. See the command
syntax below.

Syntax: WBADMIN START RECOVERY
    -version:<VersionIdentifier>
    -items:{<VolumesToRecover> | <AppsToRecover> | <FilesOrFoldersToRecover>}
    -itemtype:{Volume | App | File}
    [-backupTarget:{<VolumeHostingBackup> | <NetworkShareHostingBackup>}]
    [-machine:<BackupMachineName>]
    [-recoveryTarget:{<TargetVolumeForRecovery> | <TargetPathForRecovery>}]
    [-recursive]
    [-overwrite:{Overwrite | CreateCopy | Skip}]
    [-notRestoreAcl]
    [-skipBadClusterCheck]
    [-noRollForward]
    [-quiet]

Description:  Runs a recovery operation based on the parameters that you
specify.
To use this command, you must be a member of the Backup Operators group
or Administrators group.

Parameters:
-version       Specifies the version of the backup to recover in
                MM/DD/YYYY-HH:MM format. If you do not know the version
                identifier, type WBADMIN GET VERSIONS.

-items         Specifies a comma-delimited list of volumes, applications,
                files, or folders to recover.
                -If -itemtype is Volume, you can specify only a single volume
                by providing the volume drive letter, volume mount point, or
                GUID-based volume name.
                -If -itemtype is App, you can specify only a single
                application. To be recovered, the application must have
                registered with Windows Server Backup. You can also use the
                value ADIFM to recover an installation of Active Directory
                Domain Services. See Remarks for more information.
                -If -itemtype is File, you can specify files or folders, but
                they should be part of the same volume and they should be
                under the same parent folder.

-itemtype      Specifies the type of items to recover. Must be Volume, App, or
                File.

-backupTarget  Specifies the storage location that contains the backup that
                you want to recover. The parameter is useful when the
                location is different from where backups of this computer are
                usually stored.

-machine       Specifies the name of the computer that you want to recover
                the backup for. The parameter is useful when multiple
                computers have been backed up to the same location. Should be
                used when -backupTarget is specified.

-recoveryTarget  Specifies the location to restore to. This parameter is
                useful if this location is different than the location that
                was previously backed up. It can also be used for
                restorations of volumes, files, or applications. If you are
                restoring a volume, you can specify the volume drive letter
                of the alternate volume.
                If you are restoring a file or application, you can specify
                an alternate recovery location.

-recursive     Valid only when recovering files. Recovers the files in the
                folders and all files subordinate to the specified folders.
                By default, only files which reside directly under the
                specified folders are recovered.

-overwrite     Valid only when recovering files. Specifies the action to take
                when a file that is being recovered already exists in the
                same location.
                -Skip causes Windows Server Backup to skip the existing file
                and continue with recovery of the next file.
                -CreateCopy causes Windows Server Backup  to create a copy
                of the existing file so that the existing file is not
                modified.
                -Overwrite causes Windows Server Backup to overwrite the
                existing file with the file from the backup.

-notRestoreAcl Valid only when recovering files. Specifies to not restore
                the security access control lists (ACLs) of files being
                recovered from backup. By default, the security ACLs are
                restored (the default value is true). If this parameter is
                used, the ACLs for the restored files will be inherited from
                the location to which the files are being restored.

-skipBadClusterCheck  Valid only when recovering volumes. Skips checking
                the disks that you are recovering to for bad cluster
                information. If you are recovering to an alternate server or
                hardware, we recommend not using this parameter. You can
                manually run the command CHKDSK /B on these disks at any time
                to check them for bad clusters, and then update the file
                system information accordingly.
                Important: Until you run CHKDSK as described, the bad
                clusters reported on your recovered system may not be
                accurate.

-noRollForward  Valid only when recovering applications. This allows for
                previous point-in-time recovery if the latest version from
                the backups is selected. For other versions of the
                application that are not the latest, previous point-in-time
                recovery is done by default.

-quiet         Runs the command with no prompts to the user.

Examples:
WBADMIN START RECOVERY -version:03/31/2005-09:00 -itemType:Volume -items:d:
WBADMIN START RECOVERY -version:03/31/2005-09:00 -itemType:App
-items:Registry -recoverytarget:d:\
WBADMIN START RECOVERY -version:03/31/2005-09:00 -itemType:File
-items:d:\folder -recursive
WBADMIN START RECOVERY -version:03/31/2005-09:00 -itemType:Volume
-items:\\?\Volume{cc566d14-44a0-11d9-9d93-806e6f6e6963}\
WBADMIN START RECOVERY -version:04/30/2005-09:00 -backupTarget:\\servername
\share -machine:server01

Remarks:  To view a list of items available that are available for recovery
from a specific backup version, use WBADMIN GET ITEMS. If a volume did not
have a mount point or drive letter at the time of backup, then this command
would return a GUID-based volume name that should be used for recovering the
volume.
When the -itemtype is App, you can use a value of ADIFM for -item to perform
an install from media (IFM) operation to recover all the related data needed
for Active Directory Domain Services. ADIFM creates a copy of the Active
Directory database, registry, and SYSVOL state, and then saves this
information in the location specified by -recoveryTarget. Use this parameter
only when -recoveryTarget is specified.
Note: Before using WBADMIN to perform an Install from Media operation, you
should consider using the NTDSUTIL command because NTDSUTIL only copies
the minimum amount of data needed, and it uses a more secure data transport
method.


C:\Windows\system32>
My System SpecsSystem Spec
04 Dec 2013   #3

Windows 7
 
 

support Win8?
My System SpecsSystem Spec
.


04 Dec 2013   #4

Windows 7
 
 

sorry, I didn't notice that this is Windows seven forum
forgive me
My System SpecsSystem Spec
04 Dec 2013   #5

Microsoft Community Contributor Award Recipient

Win 7 Home Premium 64bit Ver 6.1.7600 Build 7601 - SP1
 
 

Quote   Quote: Originally Posted by pabuman View Post
Quote   Quote: Originally Posted by pabuman View Post
support Win8?
sorry, I didn't notice that this is Windows seven forum
forgive me
Your forgiven,


From: Wbadmin
Quote:
Wbadmin
8 out of 18 rated this helpful - Rate this topic Published: April 17, 2012
Updated: April 17, 2012
Applies To: Windows 8, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Vista
It should, get an elevated CMD prompt open in your 8OS and type in C:\Windows\system32>wbAdmin ? <- notice space; with or without the "?" If you get a positive response, you should be good to go.

More:
Quote:
We previously reported that the system image backup feature was removed in Windows 8.1. This isnít entirely true ó while the graphical interface for creating system images was removed, you can still create system images with a PowerShell cmdlet.


This is good news for system administrators, as it allows them to create and restore system image backups without switching to third-party tools like Norton Ghost. System images are different from recovery images created with recimg because they contain a full snapshot of the systemís hard drive, including user files and settings.

Source: How to Create and Restore System Image Backups on Windows 8.1
My System SpecsSystem Spec
04 Dec 2013   #6
whs
Microsoft MVP

Vista, Windows7, Mint Mate, Zorin, Windows 8
 
 

Thank you Steve. I shall investigate that further. Need to make some 'experiments'. But I'll first make a Macrium image in case I brick my system.
My System SpecsSystem Spec
04 Dec 2013   #7

Microsoft Community Contributor Award Recipient

Win 7 Home Premium 64bit Ver 6.1.7600 Build 7601 - SP1
 
 

Your welcome Wolfgang, an image would be a wise decision.

This CMD might be helpful in restoring the backup:
Code:
-recoveryTarget  Specifies the location to restore to. This parameter is
                useful if this location is different than the location that
                was previously backed up. It can also be used for
                restorations of volumes, files, or applications. If you are
                restoring a volume, you can specify the volume drive letter
                of the alternate volume.
                If you are restoring a file or application, you can specify
                an alternate recovery location.
You can find it listed here: Wbadmin start systemstaterecovery, its listed under syntax and parameters, but doesn't show any examples.

Maybe??
wbadmin start systemstaterecovery -version: (Your version date) -recoveryTarget:{<TargetVolumeForRecovery> | <TargetPathForRecovery>}


I have run across other users that wbadmin won't work with Windows 7 unless you use a WinRE disk to boot into, then run the wbadmin commands.

See: Windows 7 backup/restore strategies, you can read them, but ignore the 3rd and 4th posts down from Samhanye and rbgrove.

#5 by sjm-austin used Arcronis, and #6 by Evolve_or_Die is the one that used the WinRE method.

Backups of all versions of the Windows OS with wbadmin seem to work okay with wbadmin, but it also seems Microsoft has crippled the recovery/restore to client side OS versions, But not for Server versions.
My System SpecsSystem Spec
04 Dec 2013   #8
whs
Microsoft MVP

Vista, Windows7, Mint Mate, Zorin, Windows 8
 
 

That is correct. Wbadmin seems to have been designed mainly for the server versions. But it is such a neat function that one should be able to use it universally. When I get some more time, I'll continue to play around with it.
My System SpecsSystem Spec
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 A fast way to backup a data partition




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