It's not uncommon for a new product release to experience "growing pains". But your computer must also meet certain minimum requirements for IE 10 to install correctly. You must have Windows 7 Service Pack 1 installed, and you should have these prerequisite updates: How to obtain prerequisite updates for Internet Explorer 10 Release Preview that fail to install in Windows 7
Once your computer meets the above requirements you could try reinstalling IE10 through Windows Updates. Or, you could try installing it using a standalone .exe file. See option two this tutorial. Internet Explorer 10 - Install or Uninstall in Windows 7
If you're still having issues you might want to wait a few weeks and try again. Those "growing pains" might take a while to get fixed.