Hello Codeword, welcome to SF!
From the dumps I think you have a problem with your HDD. Please test:
For a full diagnostic of your HD that goes beyond Chkdsk, see: HD Diagnostic
Also, just as info, please use the info in this tutorial to post pics/snips:
Post 3 in this thread: Forum Rules and info- Please Read!
If HDD is not it... then there are two more things to look at.
1. a memory test:
Download a copy of Memtest86 and burn the ISO to a CD using Iso Recorder or another ISO burning program.
Boot from the CD, and leave it running for at least 5 or 6 passes.
Just remember, any time Memtest reports errors, it can be either bad RAM or a bad motherboard slot.
Test the sticks individually, and if you find a good one, test it in all slots. RAM - Test with Memtest86+
2. Driver update. Nearly all your loaded drivers are from 2009. Could be ok but since then, a lot has been updated and improved. Let's check these when the above fails?
Please post back any results.