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Windows 7: Enabling dump files

17 Apr 2010   #11

Windows 7 - Vista
 
 

Hi Karl . . .

I assume that you used this --> Windows feature lets you generate a memory dump file by using the keyboard

If scroll lock key broken, what about using the on-screen kb? I myself have never tried on-scr kb. Thing is, I don't run out of kernel dumps very often!

John

.

My System SpecsSystem Spec
.

17 Apr 2010   #12

MS Windows 7 Ultimate SP1 64-bit
 
 

Quote   Quote: Originally Posted by jcgriff2 View Post
Hi Karl . . .

I assume that you used this --> Windows feature lets you generate a memory dump file by using the keyboard

If scroll lock key broken, what about using the on-screen kb? I myself have never tried on-scr kb. Thing is, I don't run out of kernel dumps very often!

John

.
Hi John,
Have already tried the on-screen keyboard. Didn't do the job. Will be pursuing further later today. Scroll lock key not broken- simply there isn't one on this this keyboard.

Karl
My System SpecsSystem Spec
18 Apr 2010   #13

Windows 7 - Vista
 
 

No scroll lock... is it from IBM Selectric ? : )

Honestly, I never heard that before. Then again, I never use scroll lock except for self-inflicted BSODs!
My System SpecsSystem Spec
.


21 Jul 2010   #14
Microsoft MVP

Windows 7 Ultimate - 64-bit | Windows 8 Pro - 64-bit
 
 

Forcing a System Crash from the Keyboard


Most of the following keyboards can cause a system crash directly:
PS/2 keyboards connected on i8042prt ports

You must ensure the following three settings before the keyboard can cause a system crash:
  1. If you wish a crash dump file to be written, you must enable such dump files, choose the path and file name, and select the size of the dump file. For more information, see Enabling a Kernel-Mode Dump File.
  2. With PS/2 keyboards, you must enable the keyboard-initiated crash in the registry. In the registry key
    Code:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\i8042prt\Parameters
    create a value named CrashOnCtrlScroll, and set it equal to a REG_DWORD value of 0x01.
  3. With USB keyboards, you must enable the keyboard-initiated crash in the registry. In the registry key
    Code:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\kbdhid\Parameters
    create a value named CrashOnCtrlScroll, and set it equal to a REG_DWORD value of 0x01.
You must restart the system for these settings to take effect.

After this is completed, the keyboard crash can be initiated by using the following hotkey sequence: Hold down the rightmost CTRL key, and press the SCROLL LOCK key twice.
The system then calls KeBugCheck and issues bug check 0xE2 (MANUALLY_INITIATED_CRASH). Unless crash dumps have been disabled, a crash dump file is written at this point.
If a kernel debugger is attached to the crashed machine, the machine will break into the kernel debugger after the crash dump file has been written.
For more information on using this feature, refer to the article Generate a memory dump file by using the keyboard (KB 244139).

Defining Alternate Keyboard Shortcuts to Force a System Crash from the Keyboard


You can configure values under the following registry subkeys for different keyboard shortcut sequences to generate the memory dump file:

For PS/2 keyboards:
Code:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\i8042prt\crashdump
    For USB keyboards:
Code:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\kbdhid\crashdump
You must create the following registry REG_DWORD values under these subkeys: Dump1Keys

The Dump1Keys registry value is a bit map of the first hot key to use. For example, instead of using the rightmost CTRL key to initiate the hot key sequence, you can set the first hot key to be the leftmost SHIFT key.

The values for the first hot key are described in the following table.

Code:
   Value  |  First key used in the keyboard shortcut sequence
    ====  |  =====================================
             
    0x01     Rightmost SHIFT key
            
    0x02     Rightmost CTRL key

    0x04     Rightmost ALT key

    0x10     Leftmost SHIFT key

    0x20     Leftmost CTRL key

    0x40     Leftmost ALT key
Note: You can assign Dump1Keys a value that enables one or more keys as the first key used in the keyboard shortcut sequence. For example, assign Dump1Keys a value of 0x11 to define both the rightmost and leftmost SHIFT keys as the first key in the keyboard shortcut sequence.

Dump2Key

The Dump2Key registry value is the index into the scancode table for the keyboard layout of the target computer. The following is the actual table in the driver.

const UCHAR keyToScanTbl[134] = { 0x00,0x29,0x02,0x03,0x04,0x05,0x06,0x07,0x08,0x09, 0x0A,0x0B,0x0C,0x0D,0x7D,0x0E,0x0F,0x10,0x11,0x12, 0x13,0x14,0x15,0x16,0x17,0x18,0x19,0x1A,0x1B,0x00, 0x3A,0x1E,0x1F,0x20,0x21,0x22,0x23,0x24,0x25,0x26, 0x27,0x28,0x2B,0x1C,0x2A,0x00,0x2C,0x2D,0x2E,0x2F, 0x30,0x31,0x32,0x33,0x34,0x35,0x73,0x36,0x1D,0x00, 0x38,0x39,0xB8,0x00,0x9D,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00, 0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0xD2,0xD3,0x00,0x00,0xCB, 0xC7,0xCF,0x00,0xC8,0xD0,0xC9,0xD1,0x00,0x00,0xCD, 0x45,0x47,0x4B,0x4F,0x00,0xB5,0x48,0x4C,0x50,0x52, 0x37,0x49,0x4D,0x51,0x53,0x4A,0x4E,0x00,0x9C,0x00, 0x01,0x00,0x3B,0x3C,0x3D,0x3E,0x3F,0x40,0x41,0x42, 0x43,0x44,0x57,0x58,0x00,0x46,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00, 0x00,0x7B,0x79,0x70 };

Note
Index 124 (sysreq) is a special case because an 84-key keyboard has a different scan code.
If you define alternate keyboard shortcuts to force a system crash from a USB or PS/2 keyboard, you must either set the CrashOnCtrlScroll registry value to 0 or remove it from the registry.

Limitations

It is possible for a system to freeze in such a way that the keyboard shortcut sequence will not work. However, this should be a very rare occurrence. Using the keyboard shortcut sequence to initiate a crash will work even in many instances where CTRL+ALT+DELETE does not work.
Forcing a system crash from the keyboard does not work if the computer stops responding at a high interrupt request level (IRQL). This limitation exists because the Kbdhid.sys driver, which allows the memory dump process to run, operates at a lower IRQL than the i8042prt.sys driver.

Source: Forcing a System Crash from the Keyboard
My System SpecsSystem Spec
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 Enabling dump files





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