Aha, I've found more details regarding this. Apparently on Windows 7, the file for the Terminal font is dosapp.fon (and another .fon file, I can't remember the name). Like I said, I don't have access to Windows 7 as of right now, so I can't just go get it. On XP, I enabled 'Show hidden files and folders' and unchecked 'Hide protected operating system files (recommended), but still nothing. The text in Command Prompt still shows up just fine, and I can even use the Terminal font in Notepad.
Also, is it possible I could change dossapp.fon to dosapp.ttf without distorting it?