, Ἀτλαντίς, "daughter of Atlas
") is a legendary island
first mentioned in Plato
's dialogues Timaeus
In Plato's account, Atlantis was a naval power
lying "in front of the Pillars of Hercules
" that conquered many parts of Western Europe
9,000 years before the time of Solon
, or approximately 9600 BC. After a failed attempt to invade Athens
, Atlantis sank into the ocean "in a single day and night of misfortune".
Scholars dispute whether and how much Plato's story or account was inspired by older traditions. Some scholars argue Plato drew upon memories of past events such as the Thera eruption
or the Trojan War
, while others insist that he took inspiration from contemporary events like the destruction of Helike
in 373 BC
or the failed Athenian invasion of Sicily
in 415–413 BC.
The possible existence of a genuine Atlantis was actively discussed throughout classical antiquity
, but it was usually rejected and occasionally parodied by later authors. As Alan Cameron states: "It is only in modern times that people have taken the Atlantis story seriously; no one did so in antiquity".
While little known during the Middle Ages
, the story of Atlantis was rediscovered by Humanists
in the Early Modern period. Plato's description inspired the utopian
works of several Renaissance
writers, like Francis Bacon
's "New Atlantis
". Atlantis inspires today's literature, from science fiction to comic books to films, its name having become a byword for any and all supposed advanced prehistoric lost civilizations.