This happens rather often. Look at the attached snip of my "My Documents". Every single entry in the list was automatically created by some program or other. Most of them put their own names to the folders, some put the alphanumeric string similar to what you've got.
This string is the identifier code used in the registry. Basically you can go to the registry, find that string and this way figure out which program put that files there. To do this, open the registry (run regedit) and go to HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT -> CLSID and find that string. If it's not there, you can search for it by pressing Ctrl-F and typing first few characters.
In any case, these files are rarely important. To test that you can simply create a restore point, rename the file (add old to the end of the filename or something), and restart. If everything is functioning normally for a while, then you're safe to delete it. Just try to use several programs before you do so, just to make sure that nothing got broken.