You want to have a sort of balance of hardware in your rig for the most part. No one part extremely better or faster than any other. Games require CPU and GPU power to run. If you have a high-end 6 or 8 core CPU, and an old/outdated, or underperforming graphics card, gameplay will suffer. The CPU, no matter how power it is, can't take over the duties assigned to the GPU. Works the same the other way around. A high-end graphics card can't take over the duties of a single core, low performance CPU.
Imagine a two lane highway, with bumper-to-bumper traffic in each lane. Now imagine those 2 lanes suddenly merge into 1 lane..........what happens to performance? It will be throttled significantly, or bottlenecked.