The error most often means a bad installer, not that modern SATA drivers
are needed since they are all in the installer to begin with.
In your case RAID could be the complication too, since Windows 7 doesn't much like RAID and we see nothing but problems with it here and no real advantages when you weight it out.
I would set my SATA controller to AHCI in BIOS setup to try again, following these steps which also counteract other install problems:
Back up your files, unplug all other HD's and peripherals,
Boot into BIOS setup, reset to defaults, save changes. If an EFI BIOS, enable Legacy BIOS or Compatibility Support Module, set DVD drive first to boot, HD second. Then set SATA controller to AHCI. Save changes and Exit.
Then boot into installer DVD or flash stick burned or written using tool and latest ISO for your licensed OS version here.
Be sure to do this since the installer is suspect.
At first installer screen Press Shift + F10 to open a Command Box, type:
SELECT DISK 0 (after confirming Windows 7 target HD #)
CREATE PARTITION PRIMARY SIZE=102400 (for 100gb partition, adjust as desired)
FORMAT FS=NTFS LABEL="WINDOWS 7"
Next click Install Now, then Custom install to Clean Install Windows 7
to the partition you created. If it fails then report back at which step and the verbatim error message.
In addition read over these steps to understand the tools and methods which work best to get and maintain a perfect Clean Reinstall - Factory OEM Windows 7.
The steps are the same for retail.
After install you can adjust partition size or Create new partitions for data, etc. in Disk Mgmt.You are creating the partition here for the purpose of marking it Active which overcomes certain install failures.