Unfortunately, there is no super-simple method of exporting/importing ALL of your settings from Outlook 2010. I went through this recently when I got a new laptop and wanted to transfer because I use Outlook with my Gmail account to track all of my bills and to-do's.
If you have customized Quick Steps, Quick Access Toolbar, etc. they will have to be exported individually. There are also two places for the quick access toolbars--the ones for your main Outlook screen, and also for new messages. See this link
for info on how to export/import these settings. Hope this helps!