Did you upgrade overtop of 2007, or did you remove it first and then install 2010? A clean install is always better.
You didn't give any details as to what kind of e-mail account you have. Either way, you should have backed up your info to a .pst file, unless you are using IMAP or Exchange, before running the upgrade. I'm guessing you didn't. If not, search your computer for a .pst file or a .ost.