Do your users have passwords? If not there's a modification that needs to be done to the local security policy. Let me know if you don't use passwords.
Click your windows button on the keyboard and type "file sharing" - the first entry that pops up should be "Manage advanced sharing settings". Click on it, then verify the following settings:
Under Home or Work (current profile)...
Network discovery: on
File and printer sharing: on
Public folder sharing: on
File sharing connections: 128 bit
Password protected sharing: on
HomeGroup connections: Use user accounts and passwords to connect
Both computers should have the same file sharing settings.
Personally I don't use HomeGroup. I prefer using a workgroup instead because I feel I have more control over the sharing process. You might want to try using a workgroup instead. I also recommend creating identical users/passwords on each computer. That way you can add a specific user to a share and not have to worry about connecting - the account already exists on the target computer. Plus, it's a lot more like using a domain controller/logon server than it is using a workgroup (when it comes to file/printer access based on a user profile).
Now, where are the files being shared? Files can't be shared when they are in a person's profile directory (ie: My Documents).