It's very much possible. The modem shouldn't need any configuration, it's the Netgear device that just needs configuring. You'd need access the Netgear device's config settings via Ethernet and change the IP address of it, disable the DHCP server on it as only one DHCP server should be running on the network, which you want your modem to be. Connect the Netgear device to the modem via Ethernet, and configure the SSID to be the same on both devices.
When you set up the router's IP address, keep it out of range of the modem's DHCP server, so duplicate IP addresses won't be given out, for example your modem's IP is 192.168.1.1, so the first IP it gives out on the network will be 192.168.1.2. Setup the Netgear router's IP address to be 192.168.1.99, to keep it out of the IP pool of the modem.
This diagram should help: