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Windows 7: AVCHD Disc (How to create)



AVCHD Disc (How to create)

How to Create a HD AVCHD DVD
Published by Wishmaster
26 Aug 2010
Published by

How to Create a AVCHD Disc

My previous Tutorial showed how to use MeGUI to create a high quality file
(MP4 or MKV) from your DVD/BluRay collection, for use in your Windows 7 MC.

This tutorial will show you how to turn those compressed HD encodes into a backup AVCHD disc.

(( NOTE: The purpose is for creating a backup from your LEGALLY OWNED material!
That means you own it & the physical media is IN YOUR possesion!!! ))

This also works for Camcorders which record in AVCHD format. The process will be the same for recording it to disc.




What is a AVCHD Disc?

ACHD is basically a way of recording & playing back HD content on
standard DVD or DL-DVD discs.

Although the disc itself is a basic DVD disc, a normal DVD player can NOT play them.
This because the file structure used is unlike DVD, rather quite similar to a Bluray File Structure.

Simply put, It is still HD Content and requires a HD player in order to work.



Requirements for Encoded Files

There are certain requirements that must be followed in order for AVCHD to work as intended. I can not stress enough how important this is.

1) Encoder settings: The file you encoded must meet certain criteria.
For more information on this see my MeGUI tutorial for encoder settings:

Part 1 Step 4 found here
Video Encoding x264 (MeGUI)

2) Audio Stream: Your Audio Stream must be either DTS or AC3.
If using AC3, the actual bitrate is not important. (448,512,576,640 will all be fine)

For file size (bitrate calculator) reference, the original DTS core should be 1536kbps.

3) Resolution: The video resolution must be 1280x720 OR 1920x1080 exactly.
No cropped bars, or any other non-standard HD resolutions.


4) File size: If you have compressed your Discs into a MP4 or MKV file,
you should also be aware of its final file size so that you can
create a AVCHD later.

*When you convert your file to AVCHD format, it muxes the video and audio stream into a MT2S container.
(There is no recoding happening here. Only a re-mux)

MT2S containers have a much higher overhead than either MKV or MP4.
If your MP4/MKV is any larger than the following, it will not fit on the disc once
re-muxed to AVCHD format.

So, keep this in mind when encoding.

For SL DVD: The file can not exceed 4.13 GB.
For DL DVD: The file can not exceed 7.53GB

Once muxed , the resulting folders will then fill a SL or DL DVD disc.



Step 1: Creating the AVCHD Folders


1) Open TsMuxer GUI. This is included with the MeGUI package and is located at:
C:\Program Files (x86)\MeGUI\Tools\TSMuxer


2) Click the ADD tab, and add the MKV or MP4 File.
You will now see a list of the streams of that file.

Clicking each stream gives additional options.
For example, you can change the Language of the Audio Stream or Streams if you have more than 1.


Make sure to check the AVCHD option in the output section.






3) Click the BluRay Tab. Here, you can make a custom Chapter list, automated, or use the original chapter list.


About Chapters

If you extracted the orginal chapter list when you originaly encode your file, and manually muxed in with your MKV file, TsMuxer will automatically import you chapter list as a custom list as seen in the screen shot below.




You also have the option of automatically inserting a chapter at whatever interval you choose.

If you wish to use the original list, extract them from the original Disc.

They will be saved as a text file. Open it with Notepad, and edit it as follows:

The edit list in the red box is how it should look. then Copy/paste into tsMuxers Custom list.

The original format, to left of the green bar, must be retained if you mux into the MKV for TsMuxer to read it properly.


4) Once all the desired settings are complete to your satisfaction:
Choose a save location, press the Begin Muxing Button.

5) You will end up with 2 folders. A BDMV folder and a Certificate Folder.




Step 2: Burning to Disc

The easiest way to burn to disc is with ImgBurn.


1) Insert a blank DVD or Dual Layer DVD into your burner.

2) Open ImgBurn and click on the Write Files/Folders to Disc Option.




3) Click the Browse for Folder button, and add the 2 folders TsMuxer just created. (The BDMV and Certificate Folders)



4) Click the burn folder to disc button in bottom left corner.
At this point ImgBurn may prompt you with the following message. Say YES.



5) You can name the disc at this point if you choose to do so.



6) Once it is complete, you should now have a playable duplicate of the original source.


Other Thoughts:

Please keep in mind the encoder settings, Audio Stream type, and Final File size for your encodes are very important.

Considering the limited size a DVD or DL-DVD can hold, you may find
a High Bit rate 720P encode with AC3 Audio works best.

However, the length of the file will also be a huge factor here.
.

26 Aug 2010   #1
Bare Foot Kid
Microsoft MVP

W 7 64-bit Ultimate
 
 

Looks good mate, well done!

My System SpecsSystem Spec
.

26 Aug 2010   #2
Abhishek Ghosh

Windows 7 Ultimate 64 bit, Mac OS X 10.6
 
 

Very good tutorial
My System SpecsSystem Spec
26 Aug 2010   #3
Wishmaster

Windows 7 Home Premium 64bit
 
 

Thank you both
My System SpecsSystem Spec
26 Aug 2010   #4
Arc

Microsoft Community Contributor Award Recipient

Windows 7 Home Premium 64 Bit SP 1
 
 

Thanks a lot for the nice tutorial Wishmaster I hope my movie backups will be better now .
My System SpecsSystem Spec
04 Nov 2010   #5
Skimmy

Windows 7 Home Premium 64bit
 
 

To make the disk why not just use explorer to format it w/UDF 2.5 and copy/paste or drag/drop the folders?
My System SpecsSystem Spec
17 Dec 2010   #6
MetaCloud

Windows 7 ultimate 64bit
 
 

What when I was trying to make AVCHD from MKV file that is 8,33Gb big I get to burning point but then It says it is too big to fit in this double layer dvd 105% what should I do then? please I need help I have done everything I could
My System SpecsSystem Spec
06 Mar 2012   #7
Wishmaster

Windows 7 Home Premium 64bit
 
 

Quote   Quote: Originally Posted by MetaCloud View Post
What when I was trying to make AVCHD from MKV file that is 8,33Gb big I get to burning point but then It says it is too big to fit in this double layer dvd 105% what should I do then? please I need help I have done everything I could
You need recode your BluRay and keep it within the file size limits as pointed out in the File size section.

Around 7.53GB is the size you want a MKV to be. Once re-muxed to a MT2S file, it will use all of a dual layer DVD. So, if your recode is any larger than that, it will not fit.
The only way to resolve the issue is start from scratch and use a bit lower bitrate.
My System SpecsSystem Spec
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