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Windows 7: HDD's - the Advertized size vs the Actual size.

27 Sep 2010   #101

Windows 7 x64 Ultimate

Why lie about the number then post a disclaimer which doesn't even accurately cover the lie?

Look, they put the size on there and advertise the size of the drive as if there is such a thing as a base 10 computer. If there was, the number would be correct (with the disclaimer)! But in EVERY case those drives are being put in to base2 computers with base 2 hardware. The HARDWARE removes 3-4 % of that number right off the top even when there is no OS involved. There is NO CASE where you can get anything close to the advertised size (in "k").

The number they advertise should be in binary gigabytes (GiB) and NOTHING ELSE. /Then/ the disclaimer needs to stay to explainin away the additional 4% (or so, it varies) loss that IS due to the OS's filesytem.

I still put it to the drive companies that they should not only come clean with the Base10/Base2 numbering issue but a /smart/ company would create drives that allowed them to advertise "true" post formatting numbers!

Being able to advertise "True Terrabyte Drives" would be marketing genius! Imagine how happy people would be to install and format their "1 terrabyte" drive and ACTUALLY GET A TERRABYTE OF DATA STORAGE out of it?!?!? Seems like a company people might want to go back to and buy more drives from to me...

My System SpecsSystem Spec
27 Sep 2010   #102
Night Hawk

W7 Ultimate x64/W10 Pro x64 dual boot main build-remote pc W10 Pro x64 Insider Preview/W7 Pro x64

They are not lying. To actually get 920gb you have to design and machine a drive in decimal to a higher rounded figure. You seem to forget the mechanical and tooling side of manufacturing. The standards and methods of measurement have to be by physical not binary methods.

They won't be using something like 1.2tb but a rounded off capacity there as well as what is seen as a manufacturing standard as well as the marketing side. IF you need a full 500gb+ you would go with the next drive size of 640gb or 750gb.

For a full 1tb you would then go to a 1.5tb model since once a drive is filled to the max it becomes inaccessible and typically sees the "out of memory" type errors. In other words you plan on buying a drive with a litle over the amount of space you need. You wouldn't be able to fit 750gb of data on a "true 750gb" drive there meaning the next size up would be needed even if only 920gb available.
My System SpecsSystem Spec
27 Sep 2010   #103

Windows 7 Ultimate x64


If you are interested, if you buy OSX Snow Leopard, it displays a 1TB drive as 1TB when formatted.
My System SpecsSystem Spec

28 Sep 2010   #104

Windows 7 x64 Ultimate

The fact that OSX displays drive sizes in base 10 (if thats true) and lies about it's own formatting usage too? is actually kind of disturbing.

I can find no logical reason that any combination of electrical, chemical or physical properties would /require/ a drive to be manufactured to build drives to base 10 numbers of storage units rather than Base 2.

It is PURELY a marketing issue to make the drives meet certain numbers and those numbers chosen have traditionally been base 10 simply because it was a slighly easier target to hit. There is absolutely nothing about physics that demands that drives be manufacturered to 1TB instead of 1 TiB. They /target/ 1TB and build to that number.

Drive densities are increaing all the time. I can't believe that that extra 3% or 7% (depending on your goal of presenting honest numbers) is so completely out of the range of physical reality that is has been impossible to ever properly label drive capacites as they are actually used by consumers...
My System SpecsSystem Spec
28 Sep 2010   #105

Windows 7 Ultimate x64

Obviously there is no right or wrong answer here. Consumers have felt they were mislead for years and all manufactures continue to label their drives the same way they always have.

The word kilo has been used as an SI standard for a very long time to mean 1,000. It does not actually mean, 1,024 as a computer would read it.

As a consumer, I'd much rather say that I purchased an 80GB hard drive rather than saying that I just purchased a 74.59236587 GB hard drive. It's just so much simpler.

I'd feel that this was marketing if hard drive manufacturers made a change from base 2 to base 10...but it's always been base 10. Then, they put a disclaimer on the box explaining how they arrived at the drive size. They didn't change midstream when they realized it would make them look better. And tell me why a hard drive mfg like Samsung doesn't take a firm stand and advertise their drives as 74GB and let the rest of the industry continue to just say 80GB? Don't you think "some" people would buy that 74GB drive out of principal...because they didn't feel mislead.

Trust me, I've seen the posts on the Apple forums where Snow Leopard fanboys say that "with their coveted machine", an 80GB hard drive gives you all 80GB. Rest assured that drive has exactly the same amount of space available as any other drive under any other OS and you will store exactly the same amount of data.

If you consider how you look at a file, if you see a file that is 1,000,000 bytes...would you not say that it's 1 megabyte in size. Or would you instead say that it's 95.3674316% of 1 megabyte since 1 megabyte to the computer is actually 1,048,576 bytes.

Another way to look at this, lets say that you have a movie file on your computer that is exactly 200GB in size. Windows would display this file as 214,748,364,800 bytes. I think most people would eye ball that file and say it's 214GB in size....and they would likely be shocked and amazed when that 214GB file fit on their 200GB Seagate hard drive. But trust me, it will fit, as 214,748,364,800 bytes is exactly the same size as a hard drive advertised as 200,000,000,000 bytes in size. It's exactly the same thing. You haven't lost 1 single solitary byte.
My System SpecsSystem Spec
28 Sep 2010   #106
Night Hawk

W7 Ultimate x64/W10 Pro x64 dual boot main build-remote pc W10 Pro x64 Insider Preview/W7 Pro x64

VelociRaptors have a 74gb model. That's not an even 80gb but 68.91787052154541gb in actuality. As far as a video 214,748,364,800 bytes in size most would more likely see that rounded off to 414.75gb +or- a few bytes.

The marketing decision is mainly geared towards novice not advanced users looking at how to calculate actual sizes as well as the standards used in manufacturing.
My System SpecsSystem Spec
20 Oct 2010   #107

Windows 10 Pro. EFI boot partition, full EFI boot

Quote   Quote: Originally Posted by SquonkSC View Post
If you wonder why your 500 Gbyte disk only reports 465 Gbyte in your system, read on.
information   Information

A drive that is advertised as a 500 Gbyte actually contains 500.000.000.000 bytes
The manufacturers just divides it three times by 1000 to show the value in Gbytes, but that's not accurate.
information   Information

1 Gbyte = 1024 Mbyte,
1 Mbyte = 1024 Kbyte
1 Kbyte = 1024 byte
To calculate the actual size we need to divide it three times by 1024.
information   Information

500.000.000.000 byte / 1024 = 488.281.250 Kbyte

. . 488.281.250 Kbyte / 1024 = . . . 476.837 Mbyte

. . . . .476.837 Mbyte / 1024 = . . . . . . 465 Gbyte
The actual size of the disk is not 500 Gb, but 465 Gb
With a 1TB disk it's the same thing, because 1 Tbyte = 1024 Gbyte
A 1Tb disk is actually only 1000.000.000.000 byte, which equals 0,9 Tb (931 Gb)
You actually get 69 Gb less than you thought you paid for.
An alternative method to calculate the real size is to use ratios: thanks to Airbot
information   Information
For Gbyte the ratio is 0.9313226

500 Gbyte multiplied by 0.9313226 = 465.6613 Gbyte

information   Information
For Tbyte the ratio is 0.9094947

2 Tbyte multiplied by 0.9094947 = 1.8189894 Tbyte or 1,819 Gbyte

I didn;t follow any f the threads here, so I may be repeating ... sorry.

The standard convention and nomenclature now is (^ denoting exponentiation):

1GB = 10^9 bytes
1GiB = 2^30 bytes
1TB = 10^12 bytes
1 TiB = 2^40 bytes
1 PB = 10^15 bytes
1 PiB = 2^50 bytes

So if an manufacturer is specifying 1 Tb you can be pretty sure it is 10^12 bytes, not 2^40 bytes

- Gene
My System SpecsSystem Spec
20 Oct 2010   #108
Night Hawk

W7 Ultimate x64/W10 Pro x64 dual boot main build-remote pc W10 Pro x64 Insider Preview/W7 Pro x64

Manufacturers advertize the rounded off figure not the actual amount of bytes seen using the decimal unit of measurement. A 500gb drive in bytes when looking at a post screen for example would show 500,000,xxx,xxx with the Xs representing numbers other then 0s being seen showing the actual figure is over 500 billion.

Note that uses the rounded to 1000 not 1024 figure with the physical form of measurement in decimal while the OS uses the binary form. People forget there are two totally different methods being used for calculating drive capacities. The decimal form is based machine tool standards not OS standards simply being rounded off to the 500gb figure.
My System SpecsSystem Spec
03 Nov 2010   #109

Windows 7 Ultimate 64bits

Brilliant,thanks for this nice insight.
I noticed the differences,but now i have some answers.
Good job.Thanks
BTW,even with similar hdd's,let's say each 1 TB,there are differences..I wonder..
My System SpecsSystem Spec
03 Nov 2010   #110
Night Hawk

W7 Ultimate x64/W10 Pro x64 dual boot main build-remote pc W10 Pro x64 Insider Preview/W7 Pro x64

Some years back when running a WD 250gb drive I was seeing some 234gb available while some running Seagate were typically seeing 232gb. You will note small variances between companies as well as various model drives at times but minor.
My System SpecsSystem Spec

 HDD's - the Advertized size vs the Actual size.

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