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Windows 7: Networking Terms and Definitions

23 Mar 2010   #1
Darryl Licht

Windows 7 Ultimate 64 bit Steve Ballmer Signature Edition
Networking Terms and Definitions

I figured I'd start a thread on Network Terms and Definitions... I guess it could also become a tutorial in the future...

What is a PING???

A ping, or ping test is to test the connectivity between 2 computers. It actually measures the latency (delay or lag time) of that connection. Thus, the reason that your results show as a time in MS (milliseconds).

If run from the Windows command prompt by typing PING IP OF OTHER PC, the result usually includes confirmation that connection was successful, along with a series of numbers that represent the communication delay in milliseconds (ms).

The results of a ping test vary depending on the quality of the Internet / network connection. A good broadband Internet connection (wired or wireless) typically results in ping test latency of less than 100 ms, often less than 30 ms. Typically the closer the server, the lower the ping time in milliseconds.

It is very similar to what we see in old war movies with submarines. Every sub movie I've ever seen has "that" scene where the crew stops all engines, and goes silent (this is usually where some sweaty submariner drops a wrench) while the boats above are hunting (listening) for that sub using a sonar ping via a microphone in the water. The hunters on the surface are looking for a ping back or reflection of that original sonar ping (sound wave)... If they get a reflection (think echo) they have located the sub...

or a whale!

In our case, when we ping either a known IP address or a domain name, we are sending a special packet of info called an ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) packet. These ICMP PING packets get to that IP or domanin name and ask for a reply packet to be sent back to the source (our PC)as in this example:

Networking Terms and Definitions-ping-1.jpg

Notice how I get a reflection, or response, from the other IP above (my router).

Manytimes when we ping a domain name we can see this:

Networking Terms and Definitions-ping-2.jpg

This lack of a reply above is usually due to a router, server, or firewall in stealth mode blocking these PING replies. There are many reasons why companies and users might want their PCs, routers, or networks hidden from view. Mostly the Hack/Crack/Attack factor...

You can test your PC or Networks stealth status using a great free web based utility from one greatest names in the security biz, Steve Gibson... by using ShieldsUP!.

To learn more about ping related commands you can type PING/HELP or PING/? to see all the variables (switches) to that command as I have here:

Networking Terms and Definitions-ping-help.jpg

Hope that helps!

And we will look at the related TRACERT (trace route) command next!

My System SpecsSystem Spec
23 Mar 2010   #2

Windows 7 Ultimate 32 bit

Really a good idea and nicely presented.

"Attachment 62767

This lack of a reply above is usually due to a router or server blocking these PING replies."

You could add here that this is what a firewall's stealth mode does.

My System SpecsSystem Spec
23 Mar 2010   #3
Darryl Licht

Windows 7 Ultimate 64 bit Steve Ballmer Signature Edition

Good suggestion... and thx 4 rep!

Now if I could figure out whats wrong with the images... <-- Fixed!
My System SpecsSystem Spec

23 Mar 2010   #4

Windows 7 Ultimate 32 bit

You are very welcome.
My System SpecsSystem Spec

 Networking Terms and Definitions

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